St Patrick's Mental Health Services website uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For more details about cookies and how to manage them see our cookie policy.

Living Through Distress (LTD) Programme: Clinical Outcomes

Living Through Distress (LTD) is a Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) informed, group-based intervention. The programme aims to teach emotional regulation, distress tolerance, mindfulness and interpersonal effectiveness skills for individuals with problems of emotional under-control who frequently present with self-harmful behaviours. For those participants with pre and post data, significant improvements were observed in increased mindfulness, improved distress tolerance, and increases in emotion regulation.

The 3 outcome measures for this programme were the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (already described in this summary),  the Distress Tolerance Scale measuring levels of distress and readiness to tolerate distress and the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale to measure the willingness and ability to be mindful,  particularly related to psychological distress.  

Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale Total Scores

2015

Note: Higher scores indicate greater difficulties with emotion regulation

2016

2017

Distress Tolerance Scale Total Scores

Note: Higher scores indicate increased ability to tolerate distress

Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale